We visited the Old State Capitol in Jackson, Mississippi. It is a beautifully restored Greek Revival building completed in 1839. It was designed by William Nichols who also worked on the Capitols in Alabama and North Carolina. It is a mix of Greek and Roman architecture. From the day it was built, the Old Capitol has had trouble with leaks in the roof. The foundation was built on Yazoo clay, which expands and contracts(it also causes the road to buckle.) Between the leaky roof and the shifting foundation it was decided a new Capitol was needed.
The new Capitol was built from 1901 to 1903 at the cost of $1,093,641. It was designed by Theodore Link in the Beaux Arts style popular at the time. It is meant to be scholarly, grand and lush, which it is. The exterior walls are of Indian Limestone. Some of the wall are covered with Italian marble ,Tennessee pink marble and Belgian black marble, but many of the walls and columns are scagliola (pronounced skal-yoh-luh,) which is man-made and painted to resemble marble. It was very hard to tell the marble from the scagliola. We had a wonderful private tour where we learned to tell the difference. There were beautiful stained glass windows on the grand staircase. The Senate and the House of Representative are both ornately decorated. There are glass cylinders in floors of the 4th floor which enables light to illuminate the stained glass panels of the ceiling on the 3rd floor. This Capitol is the lightest and brightest we have been to. There are 4,750 light bulbs.